Tin is a metal which belongs to Group 14 (IVa) of the periodic table. The tin atom has an atomic number of 50. Its melting point is 232 degrees Celsius and its specific gravity is 7-3.
Tin has high conductivity, which means it is a good conductor of heat and electricity. In addition, it is resistant to corrosion. However, it is not suitable as an insulating material.
Tin is mainly produced in Thailand, Indonesia, Zaire, Bolivia, and Malaya. Besides its use as a conductor, it is also used as an alloy.
Tin contains one of the largest amounts of stable isotopes in the periodic table. It is one of the most abundant elements in the earth.
It is the principal source of tin in ancient history. It is often found in association with tungsten minerals. Today, cassiterite remains the primary tin ore.
Tin is relatively inexpensive. Unlike gold, it is not prone to rusting or oxidation. It is ductile and is less reactive than copper. This makes it a good choice for use in anode material.
Copper is widely used for conductors, but its low resistivity makes it susceptible to oxidation. A tin-based alloy is better than copper because it has higher conductivity and a lower melting point.
Compared to silicon, tin has higher electric conductivity. At 11.5 Ohms.m, it is a bit lower than silver, but it is still higher than gold.
Tin is a soft, white, bright-colored metal. Despite its higher electrical conductivity, it is not as conducive as other metals.