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Soluble potassium silicate is a chemical compound that has a chemical formula of K2SiO3. It is a glass industry product obtained by thermal effect on a mixture of potassium carbonate, sodium carbonate and quartz sand.
Potassium silicate has numerous uses in the construction industry. It can be used to strengthen concrete and bricks, as a fire retardant, and as a coating for wood.
It is also a great ingredient to add to fertilizers as it contains silicon, which helps plants to grow better. Plants that have soluble silicon in their soil are more resistant to pests and fungi, and will produce larger leaves and fruit.
This is due to the fact that silicon combines with potassium to form a compound that is very important to the plant, and increases its growth capabilities. It also reduces the use of insecticides, as it helps to thicken cell walls which makes a plant more resistant to sap sucking insects and other fungi.
A number of studies have shown that barley can accumulate Si in its tissues, and it is also known to have transporters which enable Si influx from roots to leaves. In this study, we investigated the concentration of Si in barley roots and leaves after different levels of K2SiO3 were added to a nutrient solution.
Compared to the untreated plants, treatment with K2SiO3 significantly increased the concentration of Si in the roots and leaves. This is probably due to the Si influx transporters in barley, which are similar to those found in other monocotyledons and can be stimulated by the presence of Si in a nutrient solution.