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What Metal Melts at 98 Degrees
The melting point of a metal is the temperature at which it begins to change from a solid state into a liquid state. This is the critical stage because a metal’s melting point determines how long it can remain in this liquid state before it breaks down and becomes useless for its intended purpose.
A material’s melting point is influenced by several factors, including the type of bond it shares and its crystal structure. Elements with high melting points tend to have crystal structures that are packed together tightly, while elements with low melting points usually have more open crystal structures.
Another factor that may amplify or lower the melting point of any metal is the amount of pressure being applied to it. This can either be the natural pressure of the atmosphere, or the pressure that is applied when a reaction is conducted within a container.
When the amount of external pressure is increased, the energy required to transform the material from solid to liquid state is higher. Hence, it is important to check the exact melting point of any metal before using it.
There are also many useful alloys that have very low melting points. These alloys are used in a variety of applications, including coatings and safety devices.
Gallium has one of the lowest melting points in the entire chemical spectrum, and it’s even used as a temperature reference in thermometers. The low melting point of gallium alloys means they can withstand much higher temperatures than mercury, and are non-toxic alternatives to mercury.