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iodine trichloride is a chemical compound that consists of iodine atoms bound by chlorine atoms. This chemical compound is very toxic and corrosive. It is also very reactive and can easily catch fire. It can be found in the form of a solution or as a crystal. It is very useful for organic synthesis and as a laboratory reagent.
Chlorine is a Block P, Group 17, Period 3 element. Its electron configuration is [Ne]3s23p5. In its elemental form, chlorine is a yellow-green gas. It has the highest reactivity among all halogen elements. Chlorine is a strong oxidizing agent and can react with almost all organic compounds.
In iodine trichloride, the chlorine atoms are bonded to three iodine atoms. This bond is a polar covalent bond because of the difference in the electronegativity of iodine and chlorine.
The iodine atoms have 7 electrons in their outer shell. They will donate 3 of those electrons to chlorine to make a bond with them and the remaining 4 electrons will be in the form of 2 lone pairs.
The iodine trichloride has a molecular structure known as a triclinic crystal. It is a very solid and stable chemical compound that does not dissolve in water. It has a high melting point and boiling point. It is a very strong oxidizing agent and can cause fire on contact with organic compounds. This compound is also very corrosive to metals and can cause severe skin burns if it comes in contact with them.