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rubidium perchlorate formula (RbClO) is an inorganic compound. It is a white solid that is soluble in water. It is a powerful oxidizing agent and reacts violently with readily oxidizable organic compounds. It is used as a reagent in organic synthesis and catalysis. It is also an important component in some biochemical assays.

Chemically, rubidium perchlorate is the chloride salt of rubidium hydroxide and perchloric acid. Its reactivity with organic compounds, particularly those containing carbon-carbon bonds, makes it useful in organic synthesis and as an alternative to potassium perchlorate in a number of electrochemical reactions. It is also useful as a radiotracer in studying protein-ligand interactions.

Perchlorates are a group of highly corrosive, volatile compounds derived from perchloric acid. They occur naturally and are also manufactured on a large scale in the production of rocket fuels, airbags, fireworks, Chilean fertilizers and in other pyrotechnic devices. Most of the perchlorate salts, including sodium and potassium perchlorates, do not explode or catch fire unless heated; the perchlorate ion is inert at lower temperatures. Other perchlorates such as magnesium orthoperiodate and KClO4 are extremely reactive and can explode when mixed with readily oxidizable organic materials.

The National Academy of Sciences recommended in 2005 that the drinking water standard for perchlorate be set at 24.5 ug/L. EPA issued its Drinking Water Equivalent Level and Cleanup Guidance for this concentration in early 2006. Nevertheless, the toxicology of perchlorate has not been fully established and it is possible that these levels may be too low to protect against the adverse health effects.

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